THE JIHADI THREAT: What does all that have to do with Berlin Christmas market terrorist attack?

THE JIHADI THREAT

ISIS , Daesh, al-Qaeda and beyond.

What does all that have to do with Berlin Christmas market terrorist attack?
“The West failed to predict the emergence of al-Qaeda in new forms across the Middle East and North Africa. It was blindsided by the ISIS sweep across Syria and Iraq, which at least temporarily changed the map of the Middle East. Both movements have skillfully continued to evolve and proliferate and surprise. What’s next? Twenty experts from think tanks and universities across the United States explore the world’s deadliest movements, their strategies, the future scenarios, and policy considerations.
This report reflects their analysis and diverse views”.
“If you remain steadfast,
Allah will support you and grant you victory and plant your feet firmly
Know that Paradise is under the shade of the swords.”
— Abu Bakr al-
Baghdadi, caliph of the Islamic State

Introduction

“Jihadism has evolved dramatically and traumatically since the 9/11 attacks. Movements,
leaders, targets, tactics, and arenas of operation have all proliferated in ways unimagined in 2001. The international community has mobilized unprecedented force against an array of jihadis, with mixed results. The United States alone has spent trillions of dollars in military campaigns, intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and diplomacy to

counter jihadism. Progress has been made; fewer than a hundred people were killed inside the United States between 2001 and late 2016 in stark contrast to the death toll on 9/11. Yet the threat endures. The emergence of the Islamic State also known as ISIS, ISIL, or
Daesh transformed the word of jihadism.
After capturing large swaths of Iraq and Syria in 2014, the Islamic State attracted tens of thousands of foreigners who sought to build a new Islamic society in a modern caliphate. They included engineers, accountants, teachers, grandparents, and teenage girls, as well as fighters. They reinvigorated existing jihadist movements and galvanized
a new wave of support for jihadism generally. In 2014, ISIS seemed to eclipse al Qaeda”.